The Lagotto Romagnolo Standard
DATE OF PUBLICATION OF THE OFFICIAL VALID
UTILIZATION: Truffle dog.
FCI-CLASSIFICATION: Group 8 Retrievers – Flushing Dogs –
Section 3 Water Dogs.
Working trial optional
BRIEF HISTORICAL SUMMARY: Ancient breed of retrieving
water dogs in the lowlands of Comacchio and the marshlands of
Ravenna. During the centuries, the great marshlands were drained and
turned into arable land. Subsequently the Lagotto changed from being
a water dog to an excellent dog for searching truffles in the flat open
country and in the hills of Romagna.
GENERAL APPEARANCE: Small to medium-sized dog, well
proportioned, powerfully built, of a rustic appearance, with a dense,
curly coat of woolly texture.
IMPORTANT PROPORTIONS: The dog is nearly as high as long
(nearly square). The length of the head is 4/10 of the height at the
withers. The length of the skull should be slightly more than the length
of the muzzle. The depth of the chest is less than 50 % (about 44 %)
of the height at the withers.
BEHAVIOUR/TEMPERAMENT: A natural gift for searching and
its very good nose has made the breed very efficient in truffle
The former hunting instinct has been modified by genetic selection;
hence his work is not distracted by the scent of game. The Lagotto is
tractable, undemanding, keen, affectionate, very attached to his owner
and easy to train. He is also a very good companion and an excellent
HEAD: Viewed from above, trapezoidal in shape and moderately
broad; the upper longitudinal axes of the skull and the muzzle diverge
Skull: Broad at the level of the zygomatic arches, and as long as it is
broad. Viewed from the side, from occiput to stop, the skull should be
longer than the muzzle. It is slightly convex and tends to flatten out at
the back of the skull. Frontal sinuses well developed, brows marked,
the medio-frontal furrow pronounced, occipital crest short and not
very developed, supraorbital fossae slightly marked.
Stop: Not too pronounced, but evident.
Nose: Large with nostrils wide open and mobile. Median groove
strongly pronounced. Viewed in profile, the nose continues on the
same level as the muzzle and protrudes very slightly from the front
edge of the lips. The colour ranges from light to dark brown,
depending on the colour of the coat.
Muzzle: Fairly broad, a little shorter than the skull, it’s depth being
only slightly less than the length. Muzzle is slightly wedge shaped and
giving a rather blunt profile. The nasal bridge has a straight profile.
Lips: The lips are not too thick; they are rather tight, so that the
mandible determines the lower profile of the muzzle. Lips are covered
with a long and rather bristly moustache. Viewed from the front, the
lips form a wide semi-circle. The colour of the lip-rims ranges from
light to dark brown.
Jaws/Teeth: Jaws strong with almost straight branches and a relatively
spacious mandibular body. Scissor or pincer bite with complete white
and well-developed teeth.
Slightly reverse scissors bite acceptable.
EYES: Large, but never exaggerated, rounded in shape filling the
socket and set fairly well apart. The colour of the iris ranges from
ochre to hazel and dark brown depending on the colour of the coat.
Eyelids are close fitting and the colour of the eye-rims ranges from
light to dark brown. Eyelashes very well developed. Look alert,
expression keen and lively.
EARS: Medium-sized in proportion to the head, triangular with
rounded tips; their base is rather wide; they are set just above the
zygomatic arches. Hanging at rest or slightly raised when the dog is
attentive. If pulled towards the nose they should reach the muzzle at
1/4 of its length. The inner part of the auricle is also covered with hair.
NECK: Strong, muscular, lean, of oval cross section; well set off from
the nape and absolutely free from dewlap, slightly arched. In males the
perimeter of the neck can reach the double of its length. The length of
the neck is a little less than the total length of the head.
BODY: Compact and strong, as long as the height at the withers.
Topline: Straight from the withers to the croup.
Withers: They rise above the level of the croup; the highest points of
the shoulder blades are not too close, but quite high set and well laid
Back: Straight, very muscular.
Loin: Short coupled, very strong, in profile slightly convex. Width is
equal or slightly exceeds the length.
Croup: Long, wide, muscular, slightly sloping.
Chest: Well developed, reaching down to the elbows. Although fairly
narrow in front, from the sixth rib the chest widens towards the back.
Underline and belly: Long sternal section in form of a straight line; the
following tuck-up is only slight.
TAIL: Set on neither too high nor too low tapering towards the end.
When hanging, it should barely reach the hocks. The tail is covered with woolly and rather bristly hair. At rest carried
scimitar like; when attentive decidedly raised. When working or
excited can be carried over the back, but never curled.
General Appearance: Regular, upright seen from the front and in
Shoulder: Shoulder blades long, well laid back (52°–55°), muscular,
strong and closely attached to the chest, but moving freely.
Upper arm: Muscular, of thin bone structure, as long as the shoulder
blade; its inclination to the horizontal ranges from 58°– 60°.
Elbow: Well attached to the chest wall, but not too tightly; covered
with thin skin; parallel to the median sagittal plane of the body as are
the upper arms. The tip of the elbow is located on a vertical line
lowered from the back end of the scapula to the ground.
Forearm: Perfectly vertical, long, with compact, strong bone of oval
Carpus (Wrist): Viewed from the front in a vertical line with the
forearm; fine, robust and mobile; pisiform bone markedly protruding.
Metacarpus (Pastern): Rather less thick and of finer bone compared
with the forearm, it’s fine and resilient. Seen in profile, it forms an
angle of 75°–80° to the ground.
Forefeet: Slightly rounded, compact, with arched and tight toes. Nails
strong and curved. Pads well pigmented. Inter-digital membranes very
General Appearance: Powerful, upright seen from the rear, well
proportioned to the size of the dog and parallel.
Thigh: Long, with clearly defined and visible muscles. The axis of the
femur has a distinct inclination of 80° to the horizontal. The thigh is
parallel to the median plane of the body.
Stifle (Knee): The angle of the stifle ranges from 130°–135°.
Lower thigh: Slightly longer than the thigh, well boned and muscled,
with marked muscular groove.
Its inclination to the horizontal ranges from 50° to 55°. Its direction is
parallel to the median plane of body.
Hock joint: Broad, thick, lean, with clear-cut bone and well angulated.
Metatarsus (Rear Pastern): Thin, cylindrical, perpendicular to the
ground. No dewclaws.
Hind feet: Slightly more oval-shaped than forefeet and toes slightly
GAIT / MOVEMENT: Walk is regular; trot is energetic and brisk,
gallop for short periods.
SKIN: Thin, close fitting all over the body, without wrinkles.
Pigmentation of the skin connecting with mucous membranes and of
pads ranges from light to dark and very dark brown.
Hair: Of woolly texture, never twisted to form thin cords, semi- rough
on the surface, with tight, ring shaped curls, with visible undercoat.
Curls must be evenly distributed all over the body and tail, except on
the head, where the curls are not as tight forming abundant eyebrows,
whiskers and beard. Even the cheeks are covered with thick hair. On
the ears, the hair tends to show looser curls, but remains very wavy.
No short hair on the ears. The topcoat and especially the undercoat is
water-proof. If not clipped, the hair tends to become felted (as it
continues to grow); therefore, a complete clipping must be performed
at least once a year. Felted topcoat and undercoat must be removed
periodically. The clipped coat must not be thicker than max four
centimetres and it should be uniform with the silhouette of the dog.
Only on the head the coat can be longer, but not as long as to cover
the eyes. The area around the genitals and anus should be clipped
short. The coat must not be formed and brushed up in the fashion of
the Poodles and Bichon frisé breeds or clipped short preventing it from
curling or assessment of texture. Any excessive hair styling will
exclude the dog from being qualified. The correct clip is un-pretentious and contributes to accentuate the
natural, rustic look typical of the breed.
Colour: Off-white solid colour, white with brown or orange patches,
orange roan, brown roan, brown (in different shades) with or without
white, orange with or without white. Some dogs have a brown to dark
brown mask. Tan markings (in different shades) allowed.
SIZE AND WEIGHT:
Height at the withers: Males: 43– 48 cm (ideal height: 46 cm).
Females: 41– 46 cm (ideal height: 43 cm).
Tolerance of 1 cm over or under.
Weight: Males: 13 – 16 kg.
Females: 11 – 14 kg.
FAULTS: Any departure from the foregoing points should be
considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be
regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree and its effect upon
the health and welfare of the dog and on its ability to perform its
• Aggressive or overly shy dogs.
• Any dog clearly showing physical or behavioural abnormalities.
• Untypical specimen.
• Axes of the skull and the muzzle converging.
• Partial and/or total de-pigmentation.
• Overshot bite.
• Pronounced undershot bite.
• Tail curled over the back; anury or short tail, whether congenital
• Docked tail.
• Coat not curled or clipped too short.
• Corded coat.
• Black coat colour, black patches or black pigmentation.
• Oversize or undersize.
• Male animals should have two apparently normal testicles fully
descended into the scrotum.
• Only functionally and clinically healthy dogs, with breed typical
conformation should be used for breeding.
The latest amendments are in bold characters.